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When it shall be said in any country in the world my poor are happy; neither ignorance nor distress is to be found among them; my jails are empty of prisoners, my streets of beggars; the aged are not in want; the taxes are not oppressive; the rational world is my friend, because I am a friend of its happiness: When these things can be said, there may that country boast its Constitution and its Government.
-- Thomas Paine, Rights Of Man
The Rights of Man
To George Washington
Preface to the English Edition
Preface to the French Edition
Rights of Man - First Part
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens
Observations on the Declaration of Rights
The Rights of Man, Second Part
To M. de Lafeyette
Preface to Rights of Man, Second Part
Introduction to Rights of Man, Second Part
On Society and Civilization
On the Origin of the Present Old Governments
On the Old and New Systems of Government
Ways and Means of Improving the Condition of Europe,
Interspersed With Miscellaneous Observations.
Rebuttals to the Rights of Man.
Letter Addressed to the Addressers on the Late Proclamation
Read "Common Sense" the pamphlet that sparked the American Revolution.
The Common Sense Pamphlet
Read The American Crisis Pamphlets:
The American Crisis One
The American Crisis Two
The American Crisis Three
The American Crisis Four
The American Crisis Five
The American Crisis Six
The American Crisis Seven
The American Crisis Eight
The American Crisis Nine
The American Crisis Ten
The American Crisis Eleven
The American Crisis Twelve
The American Crisis Thirteen
A Supernumerary Crisis
The Articles of Confederation.
The Current U.S. Constitution
During the period from the drafting and proposal of the federal Constitution in September, 1787, to its ratification in 1789 there was an intense debate on ratification. The principal arguments in favor of it were stated in the series written by Madison, Hamilton, and Jay called the Federalist Papers, although they were not as widely read as numerous independent local speeches and articles. The arguments against ratification appeared in various forms, by various authors, most of whom used a pseudonym. Collectively, these writings have become known as the Anti-Federalist Papers. We here present some of the best and most widely read of these. They contain warnings of dangers from tyranny that weaknesses in the proposed Constitution did not adequately provide against, and while some of those weaknesses were corrected by adoption of the Bill of Rights, others remained, and some of these dangers are now coming to pass. Hindsight is 20/20.
The most important way to read the pro- and anti-federalist papers is as a debate on how the provisions of the Constitution would be interpreted, or "constructed". Those opposing ratification, or at least raising doubts about it, were not so much arguing against the ratification of some kind of federal constitution, as against expansive construction of provisions delegating powers to the national government, and the responses from pro-ratificationists largely consisted of assurances that the delegations of power would be constructed strictly and narrowly. Therefore, to win the support of their opponents, the pro-ratificationists essentially had to consent to a doctrine of interpretation that must be considered a part of the Constitution, and that therefore must be the basis for interpretation today. This doctrine can be summed up by saying, "if a construction would have been objectionable to the anti-federalists, it should be initially presumed unconstitutional".
You be the judge. Anti-Federalist Papers. Federalist Papers. click here.
Benjamin Franklin Bache
Occasioned by the Late Conduct of Mr. Washington,
As President of the United States.
By: Benjamin Franklin Bache
shall enumerate some of the evils of paper money and conclude with offering
means for preventing them."
Thomas Paine -
click here for the full version of Dissertation on Government;
The Affairs of the Bank; and Paper Money